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Schemes for NGO’s working with Tribals and Schedule Castes


There are three on-going schemes with the Ministry, which are open for participation of Voluntary Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations.

Schemes for NGO’s working with Tribals and Schedule Castes

• Grant-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations working for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes (GVWST).

• Educational Complex in low literacy pockets for the development of women in tribal areas (ECLP).

• Vocational Training Centres (VTC).

In addition to the above mentioned three schemes, the Ministry has an exclusive on-going scheme for Voluntary Organizations/Non-Governmental Organizations for the development of Primitive Tribal Groups (PTG).

A brief account of the above-mentioned schemes is being given separately for the general information of all concerned in the field of tribal welfare in the following pages.



The prime objective of the scheme is to provide for the overall improvement and development of the target group. i.e. Scheduled Tribes through voluntary efforts working in the field of Education, Health & Sanitation, Environment, Drinking Water and legal Redressal Services as well as those need-based socio-economic upliftment efforts.

Any other relevant activity deemed appropriate and having a direct beneficial impact on the target group.


The Scheme was introduced in 1993-94 in 136 districts having below 10 percent literacy rate among ST females. It is implemented through:

(I) Non-Governmental Organizations

(II) Institutions set up by the Government as Autonomous Bodies and

(III) Registered Co-operative Societies.


The primary objective of the Scheme is the promotion of education among tribal girls in the identified low literacy districts of the country. The secondary objective of the Scheme is to improve the socio-economic status of the poor and illiterate tribal population.


The Scheme covers 136 districts having ST female literacy below 10 percent (as per 1991 census) spread over 14 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujrat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and West Bengal.



The need for a vocational institution in tribal belts where left-wing extremism rising felt for large scale of employment of tribal youth. The extremism is a manifestation of frustration and lack of faith in the present development. It is necessary that both the State and Central Government should make efforts weaning away the tribal youths from disruptive activities. Hence one of the major efforts is to establish such vocational training institutes for large scale employment of unemployed tribal youths.

Development of Primitive Tribal Groups

Under this scheme cent per assistance is given to Integrated Tribal Development Projects, Tribal Research Institutes and Non-Governmental Organizations for undertaking activities such as the generation of awareness, confidence building, training for the skill development of tribal youth organizations of self-help groups and provision of services/inputs not covered under any existing schemes for the development and welfare of Primitive Tribal Groups. This is a new scheme launched during the year 1998-99

The attention of NGOs receiving grant-in-aid

In keeping with its mandate, this Ministry supports and assists a number of projects in the field of welfare of the Scheduled Castes, Other Backward Classes, etc, which are implemented through various Voluntary Organisations. To ensure transparency and accountability in the release of Grant-in-aid assistance to Voluntary Organisations and their utilization of these funds, the NGO Division of this Ministry has included an information summary on their website.


The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is implementing various schemes/programs through non-governmental organizations and releases grant in aid to them based upon the inspection reports/recommendations from the States/UTs. (See the format of recommendations) The details of such schemes are as follows:-

1. Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organisations Working for Scheduled Castes

1. Construction of Hostel Building for SC Boys and Girls.

2. Coaching & Allied Scheme for SC/ST Students.

3. National Schedule Castes & Schedule Tribes Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC).

4. National Safai Karamacharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC).

5. A supporting project of All India Nature of SCs (Research & Training).

The details under some of the above Schemes are as follows:

Girls’ Hostels for Scheduled Tribes

The scheme of Girls Hostel aims at the construction of a hostel for Scheduled Tribe girls. Under this scheme, Central Assistance is provided to the States on a 50:50 basis and 100% to the UTs. The Scheme is intended to enable ST girls to continue education even though the educational institutions are away from their homes. The cost of construction is based on the State PWD schedule of rates or local CPWD schedule of rates, whichever is less.

Boys’ Hostels for Scheduled Tribes

The scheme of Boy Hostel aims at the construction of a hostel for Scheduled Tribe boys. Under this scheme, Central Assistance is provided to the States on a 50:50 basis and 100% to the UTs. The scheme is intended to enable ST boys to continue education even though the educational institutions are away from their homes. The cost of construction is based on the State PWD schedule of rates or local CPWD schedule of rates, whichever is less.

Ashram School in Tribal Sub Plan Areas

The Scheme of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-plan areas was launched in 1990-91 with an objective to extend education facilities through residential schools for ST students. The funding under the scheme is done on a matching basis i.e. 50:50 for the States and cent percent for the UTs for the construction of Ashram Schools. The scheme covers the primary secondary and senior secondary levels of education. Under the scheme teaching, material, and other facilities are provided by the States and UTs.

Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organisations for the Welfare of Scheduled Tribes

The main purpose behind the scheme of grant in aid to Voluntary organizations for undertaking welfare work programs for Scheduled Tribes was to improve the educational and economic conditions of these communities through voluntary efforts. This scheme is in operation since the year 1953-54. a wide spectrum of activities is covered under this scheme. They include residential schools, hostels, medical units, computer training units, shorthand and typing training units, the ballad is, libraries’ audio-visual units. The grant is generally restricted to 90% of the approved total cost of the project; the balance 10% is borne by the grantee organization. The scheme has been modified during 1999-2000 and the Voluntary Organisation working in Scheduled Areas has been made eligible to receive a cent percent grant.

Research and Training

Research and Training- The scheme of Research & Training has the following four components:-

a) Grant to Tribal Research to Institute – Fourteen Tribal Research Institute (TRIs) has been set up by the States of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Manipur. These institutes are being used by States and Centre Government for research, evaluation, collection of data training, Seminar workshops, professional input in the preparation of TSP, etc.

b) Award of Research Fellowship in Various aspects of tribal development – Twenty-five Research Fellowships are annually awarded to students/scholars who are registered with the University for working on tribal development programs/problems. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs meets the Expenditure on a percent basis.

c) Supporting Project of All India or Inter-State nature – Under the scheme financial assistance is provided to reputed social science research agencies and universities which have the necessary expertise and are willing to undertake the purposeful activities and hold seminars and workshops preferably on socio-economic program undertaken by government bodies.

d) National Institute for Research & Training in Tribal Affairs (NITA) – In order to project a national profile of the needs of tribal people and tribal areas it has been decided to set up a National Institute for Research and Training in Tribal Affairs. Other important functions of this Institute would be to impart training to high-level government functionaries and also to undertake seminars/conferences at national or international levels. The institute will play a leading role in coordinating tribal research activities at the national level.


The Joint Secretary
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment,
R.No. 613, A-Wing, Shastri Bhawan,
New Delhi-110001
Tel Nos: 91-011-23387924 (O)





Schemes for Welfare of Scheduled Castes

Promotion of Voluntary Sector- 90% grant-in-aid for activities like education, vocational training support facilities-creches, medical units, and the ballad is, legal aid, client-services, human rights issues, and environment-related activities, etc. during the year 1999-2000 a number of Rs 26 crores was released to 376 voluntary organizations to take up the above activities

Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organisation working for Scheduled Castes

The Backward Classes are those castes/communities that are notified as socially and educationally Backward Classes by the State Governments or those that may be notified as such by the Central Government from time to time.

The affairs of Backward Classes were looked after by the Backward Classes Cell (BCC) in the Ministry of Homes Affairs prior to 1985. with the creation of a separate Ministry of welfare in 1985 (renamed as Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 25.5.1998), the matters relating to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Minorities were transferred to the new Ministry. The Backward Classes Division in the Ministry looks after the policy, planning, and implementation of programs relating to social and economic empowerment of OBCs. It also looks after matters relating to two institutions set up for the welfare of OBCs: National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation (NBCFDC) and the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).

1. The assistance of Voluntary Organizations for the Welfare of OBCs


The objective of the scheme is to involve the voluntary sector to improve educational and socio-economic conditions of the target group, i.e., Other Backward Classes (OBCs), with a view to upgrading skill to enable them to start income-generating activities on their own or get gainful employment in some sector or the other.

Grant-in-aid is sanctioned for the new projects under the new scheme after the information is supplied as per the application form along with the recommendation including reports of the State Government/Union Territory Administration, National Commissions, Tribal Research Institute of the State Government and any other agency so designated by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for the purpose.

Contact: The Director (BC),
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Trikoot-II, R.K. Puram, New Delhi
The Deputy Secretary (BC)
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi – 110001

2. Schemes for Welfare of Minorities

a. Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Coaching and Allied Assistance for Weaker Sections including Scheduled Castes other Backward Classes and Minorities.

Contact: The Joint Secretary (M&BC)
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment,
Room No. 1, 9th Floor, 25, Jeevan Prakash
The building, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi,
Tel 91 11 23765004

b. National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC)

Contact: Managing Director
National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation
1, Taimoor Nagar, Opp D996
New Friends Colony, New Delhi -110065
Ph. 011-2632605/57/58/59.

c. National Commission for Minorities

Contact: The Deputy Secretary
National Commission for Minorities
5th Floor, Lok Nayak Bhavan,
Khan Market, New Delhi 110003
Tel 24693302, 24642645, 24698420

d. Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities

Contact: The Deputy Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities,
40, Amar Nath Jha Marg, Allahabad 211002
Tel. No: 0532 2468566/ 2468593/2468565

e. Maulana Azad Education Foundation

Contact: The Secretary,
Maulana Azad Education Foundation,
Social Justice Service Centre,
Mahila Imdad Committee,
Opposite New Delhi Railway Reservation Centre,
Chelmsford Road, New Delhi -110055
Ph./Fax: 23583788, 23583789.

f. Development of Urban Wakf Properties

Contact: The Secretary, Central Waft Council,
14/173, Jamnagar House Shahjahan Road,
New Delhi – 110011.
Ph. No: 91-011-3384465

3. Assistance to Voluntary Organisation for the Welfare of OBCs

Contact: The Director (BCC).
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
R.No. 216-E, D-Wing, Shastri Bhawan,
New Delhi Tel Nos: 91-011-23386981 (O)

4. Scheme of Financial Assistance to Non-Governmental Organisations & Institutions Working in the Field of Human Rights

Contact: Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission,
Sardar Patel Bhawan, (2nd Floor) Sansad Marg,
New Delhi-110001.

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